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By | 19/08/2017


Elm Trees

Scientific Name for Elm: Ulmus

Elm trees lose their leaves in the fall and can therefore be classified as deciduous trees. Other deciduous trees include oak trees. birch trees. maple trees and most ash trees .

  • American Elm Tree, Ulmus americana
  • Bonsai Elm Tree
  • Camperdown Elm Tree
  • Carpathian Elm Tree, Ulmus procera
  • Cedar Elm Tree, Ulmus crassifolia
  • Cherry Bark Elm Tree
  • Chinese Elm Tree, Ulmus parvifolia
  • David Elm Tree
  • Drake Elm Tree, Lacebark Elm or Chinese Elm
  • Dutch Elm Tree
  • English Elm Tree
  • European White Elm Tree
  • Evergreen Elm Tree, Chinese Evergreen Elm
  • Field Elm Tree
  • Grey Elm Tree
  • Himalayan Elm Tree
  • Lacebark Elm Tree, Ulmus parvifolia
  • Large Fruited Elm Tree
  • Manchurian Elm Tree
  • Mexican Elm Tree
  • Princeton Elm Tree
  • Japanese Elm Tree
  • Red Elm Tree, Ulmus rubra
  • Rock Elm Tree, Ulmus thomasii
  • September Elm Tree
  • Siberian Elm Tree
  • Slippery Elm Tree, Ulmus rubra
  • Texas Elm Tree, Cedar Elm Tree
  • Winged Elm Tree
  • Wych Elm Tree, also known as Scots Elm

How To Identify an Elm Tree

  1. Elm Leaf is oval in shape with saw-toothed edges and prominent vein markings.
  2. The seeds of the elm tree consists of a single seed surrounded by a papery disc called a samara.
  3. The bark of an elm tree is quite rough, deeply furrowed and light grey or dark grey in color.

Elm Tree Facts Trivia

The American Elm is the state tree of North Dakota and Massachusetts.

Elm trees produce a one-seeded fruit, called a samara. It has wings that allow it to be carried by the wind to a new location to root and grow.

Dutch Elm Disease was named after the 7 women scientists from Holland who first identified Dutch Elm Disease.

North American Settlers named the Elm Tree the “Lady of the Forest”.

Cavity dwellers, such as woodpeckers, chickadees, squirrels, and raccoons often find homes in elm trees.

Elm Trees, because of their huge canopy are known as shade trees. On a hot summer’s day you can enjoy the cooling effect of the majestic elm tree. Sit beneath an elm tree and read a book, have a picnic, or just dream of the lazy, hazy days of summer.

Elm Tree Problems, Facts & Disease Info on Elm Trees

Until the arrival of the Dutch Elm Disease. the beautiful elm tree was used as a landscape tree throughout the temperate areas of much of North America. The elms found on this continent are a mixture of native and imported varieties.

Elm trees are commonly infected with a fungal disease spread by the elm bark beetle. The fungus prevents the transportation of water and minerals from the roots to the branches and leaves resulting in the death of the tree. Dutch Elm Disease has wiped out millions of Elm trees worldwide.

All elm trees are deciduous trees. Elm leaves are oval shape with a tooth edge. The seeds, technically called samaras, have one smooth or hairy wing. The elm wood has long been prized by furniture and piano makers for its strength, weight and toughness.

Due to the Dutch Elm tree Disease. a fungus spread by elm bark beetles, the elm is much less popular as a landscape tree now than was once the case.

However, thanks to new research, a disease resistant elm tree variety has been developed that may restore the stately elm to its rightful place in our urban landscapes.

Feature Elm Species: Cedar Elm

Type of Tree:
The Cedar Elm falls into the following type(s): Ornamental Trees, Shade Trees

Mature Height:
The Cedar Elm grows to be 50′ – 70′ feet in height.

Mature Spread:
The Cedar Elm has a spread of about 40′ – 60′ at full maturity.

Growth Rate:
This tree grows at a medium growth rate.

This elm does well in full sun.

The Cedar Elm grows in acidic, alkaline, drought tolerant, loamy, moist, sandy, well drained, wet, wide range, clay soils.

The Cedar Elm is very drought tolerant and exists well in ground that is periodically saturated.

This elm has rounded, vase shape.

This tree has green leaves in summer that turn a lovely yellow in fall.

Flower Color:
The Cedar Elm has light-green blooms.

Bloom Time:
It blooms in early summer..

Fruit Description:
This tree produces small, round green fruit. Elm tree seeds or samaras are very distinctive in appearance and appear on the tree soon after it flowers in spring. Seeds are flat and round, covered with a thin membrane and are dispersed by the wind.

Additional Information: Cedar Elm

The Cedar Elm is drought tolerant once established, and is a low-maintenance shade tree if maintained by a regular pruning schedule.

Cedar Elm should be grown in full sun on well-drained soil, acid or alkaline. It is very drought-tolerant once established and tolerates wet soil well.

Wildlife Value:
Seeds from trees such as the Cedar Elm are used by wild turkeys, pheasants, quail, squirrels, deer, and songbirds. Dead Cedar Elms provide nesting sites for cavity-dwelling birds.

Cedar Elm History/Lore/Use:
The Cedar Elm is a favorite street tree for towns in the desert southwest due to its ability to survive in difficult soil types with very little care.

Elm Wood Information:

The Elm species fall in to 2 categories, either hard or soft elm.

Hard Wood Elms

Soft Wood Elms

Elm is often used for butcher block counter tops and chopping boards because it has no smell or taste and will not split.

Elm tree wood was used for making coffins in England.

Hollowed elms were used for residential water pipes before the introduction of metal.

Chinese elm is a popular choice for bonsai trees as it can withstand severe pruning.

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